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Japan, My Love (Links for Japanese language study)

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on June 6, 2017 at 2:20 PM Comments comments (3)

Links

http://www.studyjapanese.net/2012/10/tong-hop-tai-lieu-luyen-thi-jlpt-n2.html

*Bạn bè - Trao đổi liên kết :

1. http://www.romajidesu.com/ : Japanese-Romaji-English dictionary

2. http://namkna.blogspot.com : Blog Tips - Relax - Softwares - Tivi

 

**Bloggers :

1. http://www.saromalang.com/ : Học tiếng Nhật trực tuyến miễn phí

2. http://nihongo-dekimasu.blogspot.com/ : Learn Japanese

3. http://gaubebong.blogspot.com/ :-^o^-UmeMomo-^o^-

4. http://yuki-nezumi.blogspot.com/ : 日本語を学ぼう

5. http://tudienvietnhat.blogspot.com/ : Từ điển Việt Nhật

 

***Học tiếng Nhật online :

1. http://tuhoconline.net/ : Tự học tiếng Nhật online

2. http://mina.mazii.net/ : Tự học tiếng Nhật từ số 0

 

***Liên kết hữu ích :

1. http://jplang.tufs.ac.jp/ : Jplang - Học tiếng Nhật online bằng nhiều ngôn ngữ, có tiếng Việt.

2. http://www.yesjapanese.com/ : Learn Japanese Online

3. http://www.kanjidictionary.com/ : Kanji Dictionary Animations

4. http://www.nhk.or.jp/lesson/vietnamese/index.html : Học tiếng Nhật với đài NHK

5. http://vijadic.nlbn.net/ : Từ điển Nhật Việt Online

6. http://thongtinnhatban.net/ : Thông tin Nhật Bản

7. http://qa.tenkana.vn/ :最近の更新 - Tenkana QA

8. http://nhatban.net/ : Mạng lưới người Việt tại Nhật Bản

9. http://www.learn-japanese.info/ : Nihongo o narau

10.http://vn.360plus.yahoo.com/caocuong_jpvn : Blog Nhật ngữ

11. http://japanest.com/ : Japanest - Nét Nhật trong tim

12. http://ngoilaibennhau.net/ : Giúp học tiếng Nhật

13. http://tiengnhatonline.wordpress.com/ : Tiếng Nhật Online

14. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~kanji/index.html : Luyện tập Kanji, có cả video hướng dẫn viết chữ.

15. http://lagudi.net/ : 日本語教育オンラインシステム - Tiếng Nhật trực tuyến

16. https://quizlet.com : FlashCards tiếng Nhật Thương mại và IT

17. http://bikae.net/ : Blog Bikae nhiều thứ về Nhật Bản trong đó có luyện thi JLPT

18. http://daytiengnhatban.com/ : Học tiếng Nhật online, có tiếng Nhật chuyện ngành và Hán tự

 

19. http://japanese-phrases.sakura.ne.jp/ : Japanese Phrases, cụm từ câu nói thông dụng.

Ortho Free

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on May 25, 2017 at 2:50 PM Comments comments (0)

Orthodontic Societies

American Association of Orthodontists

American Board Of Orthodontics

Australian Society of Orthodontists

British Society of Orthodontists

Charles Tweed Foundation

Ontario Association of Orthodontists

Orthodontic Society of Ireland

Dental Societies

American Academy of Periodontology

American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

American Dental Association

Australian Dental Association

California Dental Association

Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons

Academic Links

National Institute of Dental Research

Niigata Department of Orthodontics (Japan)

University of California at San Francisco - Division of Orthodontics

University of Illinois - Department of Orthodontics

University of Pittsburgh - Dentistry Homepage

University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Dental School

Baylor College of Dentistry

Case Western Reserve University

Creighton Univesity - School of Dentistry

International and American Associations for Dental Research

Journals

European Journal of Orthodontics

Dental Therapeutic Digest

Priory Medical Journals

Journal of Endodontics

Keeping Current In Dentistry

Dental And Medical Resources

American College of Physicians

American Medical Association

Bite In

Dental Bytes - Webzine

Dental X Change

Dental Related Internet Resources Site

Dental Icon

Dentevents - Dental Event and Continuing Education Catalogue

Global Dental Newsjournal

Health Links

Implant Dentistry

U.S. National Library of Medicine

Practical Endodontics

RXList - The Internet Drug Index

SyberTooth

VVM Internet Services

The Mouth Jewelery Home Page

Virtual Dentist

Orthodontic Companies

"A" Company

Acme-Monarco Corporation

Dentaurum

Dentofacial Software

Dolphin Imaging

G&H Wire Company

GAC International

Lancer Orthodontics

Masel Orthodontic Products

Navimetric

OrthoChart

OrthoCom

Ortho-Cycle

Ortho Organizers

Ortho Technology

Orthotrac

Orthotronics

Russian Libraries

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on May 18, 2017 at 9:55 AM Comments comments (0)

http://www.alleng.ru/edu/libr.htm

● e-lingvo.net - Проект E-Lingvo.net посвящен языкознанию, литературе, литературоведению, а также остальным дисциплинам, изучаемым на филологическом факультете и факультете иностранных языков. Содержание: Учебные пособия (96 книг - лингвистика, литературоведение, культурология, психология и др.); Художественная литература (немного оригиналов и, главное, много кратких содержаний произв. отечественных и зарубежных авторов;); Шпаргалки, лекции (литературоведение, языкознание, психология, педагогика, философия - всего 90 работ;); Статьи по той же тематике (всего около 900, в основном - языкознание, литературоведение, русская литература;). Все скачивается нормально.

 

● gumer.info Библиотека Гумер - книги для студентов и учителей. Сайт преподавателя Калининградской библейской школы Рината Гумерова. Гуманитарные науки: религия (теология, богословие, конфессии и др.), философия, история России, всеобщая история, история античности, культура, наука, право, педагогика, журналистика, психология, филология, социология, литературоведение, политология, экономика. В большинстве случаев книги не скачиваются, а открываются, частями, на месте.

 

 

● koob.ru - Библиотека "Куб". Разделы библиотеки: Популярная психология (Практическая психология, Искусство общения и др.), Научная психология (Общая психология, Юридическая психология и др.), Психотерапия, Эзотерика, Популярная наука (Информационные войны и др.), Саморазвитие. Книги в rar архивах; форматы doc, html и др.

 

 

● nehudlit.ru - Нехудожественная Библиотека. 1895 книг по математике, физике, химии, биологии, медицине, технике, маркетингу. В подавляющем большинстве учебники для высшей школы, но очень редко встречаются и для школьников и абитуриентов.

 

 

 

● pedlib.ru - "Педагогическая библиотека" Библиотека представляет собой постоянно пополняющееся собрание литературы по педагогике, ее прикладным отраслям, а также наукам медицинского и гуманитарного циклов, имеющим отношение к воспитанию и обучению детей. (Читать на месте, все материалы открываются лишь постранично.)

 

 

● psylib.ukrweb.net библиотека PSYLIB - психологическая библиотека "Самопознание и развитие" Киевского Фонда содействия развитию психической культуры. Разделы: Психология, Психогигиена, Философия, Религия, Восток, Культурология, Методология, Критика, Свидетельства, Метафоры. Есть учебные пособия. Алфавитный и предметный каталоги. Книги можно и читать, и скачать.

 

 

● uztranslations.net.ru - небольшая профессиональная библиотечка на Образовательном портале переводчиков и филологов UzTranslations (Узбекистан;). Разделы: Переводоведение, Языкознание, Литературоведение.

 

 

● vusnet.ru - Библиотека РГИУ (Российского гуманитарного Интернет-университета. Каталог составляет 2982 наименований (книги - 1390, статьи - 1602) и постоянно пополняется. Книги по философии, психологии, религиоведению, экономике, социологии и др. гуманитарным наукам. Нет разделения по разделам, все в общем списке. Его можно настраивать по фамилиям авторов или по названиям произведений (хорошо, когда точно знаешь, что ищешь;). Тем не менее библиотека очень хорошая. Все тексты можно открывать на месте или скачивать.

DOWNLOAD FREE MEDICAL BOOKS MEDIA AND OTHER STUFFS

 

Updated on 27/01/16

 

Below is a list of medical websites for free download of medical books.In some websites You may need to register for free to see the download links

 

1) https://goo.gl/fYG2la (enter the book name in search box)

 

2) www.libgen.io OR gen.lib.rus.ec( LARGEST COLLECTION OF FREE MEDICAL BOOKS) (enter the book name in search box)

This is the largest online data base of medical ebooks and medical journals.Website address changes regularly due to domain problems. I will update whenever any change occurs. There you can search for medical books by typing Text book name / Author name / Publisher name/ISBN Number.When search results came click on the Title name .Next click on the Text book picture and this will start your free download.

 

3) medicalbooksfree.com

 

4) www.medbooksvn.info

 

5) www.studytemple.com

 

6) www.freebooks4doctors.com

 

7) medical.dentalebooks.com

 

8) www.ebook3000.com

 

9) ebooksmedical.com

 

10) am-medicine.com

 

11) www.4shared.com (enter the book name in search box.Also you need to register for free to download books-but it is a great resource of medical e books)

 

Finally if you are in need of Indian medical books ,search for “UnitedVRG” along with the book name in any torrent search engines(Non Indian books also available).

 

 

(Remember you may need to visit 2 or 3 websites to get a working download link of some books and always buy a printed copy of each book to support further growth of medicine)

Remember: these links changes frequently .so visit

http://medicalebooks-aslam.blogspot.in/2016/01/download-free-medical-books-media-and.html

for updates and subscribe .


Nay Aung, BDS(Mdy)

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on May 17, 2017 at 11:35 AM Comments comments (5)

A note for readers

I publish the whole list for informational use only. Remember that it is your responsibility to check out legal consequences of downloading any material from these websites. However, I strongly support free dessimination of knowledge, espectially results of research carried out by publicly funded organisations. I believe that the most recent books should be easily acessible to everybody, for affordable prices or for free.

 

 

The best of the best - pirate libraries

I haven’t checked all other links since 2014. However, my experience is that if you cannot find something on the following resourses, it is unlikely that it will be on any others.

http://gen.lib.rus.ec/ (This library is called Library Genesis. You should also check out the website regularily for mirrors. Additionally, you can find there search engines for papers, comics, art works, and fiction. Consider donation to help librarians.)

http://aaaaarg.fail

http://monoskop.org/log/

http://rutracker.org/

http://btdigg.org/ (This website is a torrent search engine and it can help findreleases of big collections of ebooks. Scroll down this list to find out names of these releases)

 

Big pirate releases and collections

(search for “Academic books”, “PHC”, “DigLib”, “Library Genesis”, “THEORY”, “Suvarnacollection”, “Key books” on btdigg.org)

http://forum.i2p2.de/viewtopic.php?p=40941

http://btdigg.org/search?info_hash=cf37ec808deb64a2d640ab48772edd4a0aa7b502&q=Academic%20books%20[humanities]

http://btdigg.org/search?info_hash=25ac81910ecfe8901d175cd5a7d0dae3cabb2a60&q=Academic%20books%20[humanities]

http://btdigg.org/search?info_hash=02636038ab571507866746b1583be8e27f89f5f2&q=Academic%20books%20[humanities]

http://btdigg.org/search?info_hash=0562f19da90a813603ca52c7f8a8caa42dd11691&q=Philosophy%20library%20%20%20Heidegger%20library

http://btdigg.org/search?info_hash=dc559f0c87eee93fb5a2c41d6338e96b76c7c735&q=THEORY

http://btdigg.org/search?info_hash=&q=Suvarnacollection

http://torrent.rus.ec/viewforum.php?f=828

https://vk.com/kaf_ps

https://vk.com/club105778016

https://vk.com/sociological_reality

https://vk.com/fsf_ranhigs

https://vk.com/reprezentativ

https://vk.com/bhistory

https://vk.com/soclit

https://vk.com/geolibrary

https://vk.com/politicalbooksion

https://vk.com/willing_thinking_judging

 

Search engines

http://главкнига.рф/

Books

eBdb

http://btdigg.org/

http://isohunt.com/

http://www.wix.com/imperialxs/efk-ebooks#!vstc1=page-4

http://torrent-finder.info/

http://ebooklink.net/g/home/

http://www.pdfqueen.com/

http://torrent-finder.info/

http://dc-poisk.no-ip.org/

 

Ohter pirate libraries

Not torrents

http://www.incunabula.org/

http://platonanet.org.ua/

http://freebookspot.es/

http://avaxhome.ws/ebooks

http://www.ebookee.com/

http://www.veryebooks.org/

http://www.uz-translations.su/

http://englishtips.org/

http://www.greylib.net/index.php

http://www.twirpx.com/

http://bookova.com/

http://socioline.ru/

http://ebookcollective.tumblr.com/

http://vnuki.org/library/

http://www.ebookshare.net/

http://www.downeu.net/

http://www.digilibraries.com/

http://www.witguides.com/

http://www.free-ebooks.net/

http://wormhole.in/

http://forums.mvgroup.org/

http://ebooksbay.org/

http://www.feedurbrain.com/forum/forum.php

http://www.gigabook.org/

http://www.bookyards.com/

http://ebook-forums.org/

https://am4wuhz3zifexz5u.tor2web.org/

http://pdflibrary.wordpress.com/

http://revelation-v2.blogspot.com/

http://revelation-online.blogspot.com/

http://mirknig.com/

http://www.librus.ru/index.php

http://arhivknig.com/

http://fanknig.ru/

http://www.kodges.ru/

http://www.infanata.com/

http://www.storedbooks.com/

http://www.vbooks.ru/

http://flibusta.net/

http://www.all-ebooks.com/

http://www.biblioclub.ru/

http://www.iqlib.ru/

http://lib.aldebaran.ru/

http://www.fictionbook.ru/

http://www.koob.ru/

http://www.classs.ru/library1/

http://www.downeu.com/

http://ebookshare.net/

http://www.demonoid.me/

http://www.kat.ph/

http://www.esnips.com/

www.4shared.com/

http://www.ebooklink.net/

http://wowebook.net/

http://www.pdfchm.net/

http://www.free-ebook-download.net/

http://ebookbrowse.com/

http://www.ebook3000.com/

http://www.ipmart-forum.com/

http://www.mediafire.com/

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=380

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/

http://avalon.law.yale.edu/default.asp

http://www.historyplace.com/index.html

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/g/genpub/

http://www.alleng.ru/

http://www.eknigu.com/

http://ishare.iask.sina.com.cn/

http://www.jubad.com/

http://btebook.com/0-01a8edbf9d27cebe.htm

http://www.cnshare.org/

http://www.bookgo.org/

http://www.pdfchm.com/

http://2020ok.com/

http://bbs.topsage.com/index_121.html

http://www.ebookshare.net/

http://nips.djvuzone.org/index.html

http://www.zainbooks.com/

http://www.readprint.com/

http://sciencebooksonline.info/

http://www.publicbookshelf.com/

http://community.livejournal.com/acab_2009/

http://library-friends.livejournal.com/

http://www.prelist.ws/index.php?section=EBOOK

http://www.51cnnet.net/directory

http://bib.tiera.ru/

http://www.pdf-word.net/

http://www.ebookshare.net/

http://www.dominiopublico.gov.br/pesquisa/PesquisaObraForm.jsp

http://ebooksear.ch/

http://bookinist.net/

http://www.mediafireebooks.blogspot.com/

 

Torrents

http://thepiratebay.se/

http://isohunt.com/

http://book.libertorrent.com/

http://www.torrentomega.com/Book

http://torrentz.eu/

http://textbooknova.com/

http://www.bitme.org/

http://docspedia.org/login.php?returnto=%2F

http://www.bttrove.org/

http://www.learnbits.me/

http://bitspyder.net/

https://sciencehd.me/

http://www.ebookvortex.com/

http://elbitz.net/login.php

http://thevault.bz/login.php

http://theplace.bz/login.php

http://bitseduce.com/

http://tuebl.com/search

http://salad.tl/login.php

http://thegeeks.bz/login.php

http://www.myanonamouse.net/login.php?returnto=%2F

http://www.ebooks-here.com/viewforum.php?f=3

http://bookys.net/

http://onebigtorrent.org/

http://kat.ph/

http://ebooksshares.org/

http://www.cross-x.com/

http://www.giuciao.com/

http://www.freeetextbooks.com/

http://torrent.rus.ec/index.php

http://bitsnoop.com/browse/other-ebooks/

http://www.4shared.com/

http://www.rapid4search.com/

http://bibliotik.org/

Warez-BB.org

http://bookworm.evil.so/

 

P2P platforms

http://freenetproject.org

http://tribler.org

http://retroshare.sourceforge.net/

http://www.i2p2.de/

irc.irchighway.net #ebooks faq

 

Legal libraries

http://books.google.com/

http://openlibrary.org/borrow

http://openlibrary.org/

http://www.archive.org/details/texts

http://www.scribd.com/

http://www.hathitrust.org/home

http://search.theeuropeanlibrary.org/portal/ru/index.html

http://www.wdl.org/ru/

http://europeana.eu/

http://ibiblio.org/index.html

http://wikisource.org/wiki/Main_Page

http://www.classicreader.com/

http://manybooks.net/

http://www.tannerlectures.utah.edu/lectures/atoz.html

http://publicliterature.org/

http://gallica2.bnf.fr/

http://library.gender-ehu.org/hms/home.php?publiclogin=1

http://orel.rsl.ru/r1.html

http://feb-web.ru/

http://prlib.ru/Pages/Default.aspx

http://runivers.ru/lib/index_lib.php

http://www.lomonosov-fund.ru/enc/ru/library

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=380

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/

http://avalon.law.yale.edu/default.asp

http://www.historyplace.com/index.html

http://www.archive.org/index.php

http://librivox.org/

http://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Main_Page

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/g/genpub/

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/

http://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Main_Page

http://www.hathitrust.org/

europeana.eu

gallica

The Library of Congress: Digital Collections & Services

eScholarship Editions

Openlibrary.org

Project Gutenberg Europe

Гутенберг

Немецкая библиотека Гутенберга

U.S. Politics Online Archives

The Etext Center at the University of Virginia Library

Electronic Resources of The John Rylands University Library (JRUL) in The University of Manchester

New York University Libraries

Humanities Text Initiative, University of Michigan

Library Electronic Text Resource Service, University of Indiana

Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities

Electronic Books and Texts

The Humanities Text Initiative

epublishing - Ebook Resources

FREE eBooks and Best Sites

H-Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online

un2sg4.unige.ch/athena/

ilt.columbia.edu

Onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu

carbon.cudenver.edu

Англоязычная библиотека статей по философии, психологии, антропологии

GREAT BOOKS INDEX

Authorama

grtbooks.com

Bibliomania

Bartleby.com

Digital Library Projects at the University of Pennsylvania

Lsr-projekt.de

Electronic Resources of Oxford Libraries

ATHENA

Early modern philosophy texts

Online papers on consciousness

Philosophy of Religion

eserver.org

The Great Texts Notebook

FREE EBOOK LIBRARY на сайте University of Virginia

Библиотека по философии, религии и литературе

Grande Bibliotheque Poetique

IntraText Digital Library

Internet Public Library

LOUISiana Digital Library

Read Print, your free online library

Digital Library of Georgia

SMETE Digital Library

The European Digital Library

University of Adelaide (Australia) Library

eScholarship Editions

OAIster - a project of the University of Michigan Digital Library Production Service

Renascence Editions: works originallyprinted in English between theyears 1477 and 1799.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations at East Tennessee State University

Библиотека университета Оригона.

Kellscraft Studio's Web Text-ures: Public Domain Books On-Line

World Wide School

Etext Sources on the Internet

La Bibliothèque numérique de l’Institut national d’histoire de l’art

Wikisource, la bibliothèque libre

Ebooks Libres & Gratuits

La bibliothèque numérique de l’enssib

 

Some information on ebook industry, piracy, and copyright issues

Free Knowledge - The aftermath of library.nu: Open letter to authors and publishers

The Guardian: “Academic publishers make Murdoch look like a socialist” by George Monbiot

What's wrong with scholarly publishing today?

Al Jazeera: The disappearing virtual library

Free Knowledge blog: Free illegal knowledge and how (not) to deal with it

TorrentFreak | Torrent News, Torrent Sites and the latest Scoops

Locked in the Ivory Tower: Why JSTOR Imprisons Academic Research

Cracking Open the Scientific Process

Report of the Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings – the Finch Group

 

Similar lists

20 Best Websites To Download Free EBooks

20 Best Websites To Download Free E-Books, Part II

The Best 6 Sites to Get Free Ebooks

Best Places to Get Free Books – The Ultimate Guide

Tracker with PDFs/E-Books of College Textbooks

 

Soft that is useful for book editing or creating

http://sourceforge.net/projects/briss/

https://sites.google.com/site/pdfscissors/

http://scantailor.org/

 

uploading large files

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on May 6, 2017 at 10:15 AM Comments comments (0)

ထံုးစံအတိုင္း အြန္လိုင္းကေန Data ေတြပို ့ၾကမယ္ဆိုရင္ ၾကာတယ္ဆိုတာကေတာ့ေျပာစရာမလိုေတာ့ဘူးထင္ပါတယ္။

 ေအာက္မွာေပးထားတဲ့ဆိုဒ္ေတြဆီ uplode လုပ္ျပီးေတာ့လင့္ခ္ နဲ ့ပို ့လိုက္ပါ။ လံုး၀အိုေခ။

ေကာ္နက္ရွင္နဲနဲေတာ့ေကာင္းရမယ္ေနာ္။ ဖိုင္ဆိုဒ္ၾကီးၾကီးေတြကို ေအးေဆးပို ့လို ့ရပါတယ္။

 

 

 

ေအာက္မွာေပးထားတဲ့ဆိုဒ္ေလးေတြကိုသံုးၾကည့္လုိက္ပါ။ အဆင္ေျပသြားပါလိမ့္မယ္။။.

 

 

 

http://www.yousendit.com/ (can send Max file Size 100 MB)

 

 

http://www.sendthisfile.com/ (need register)

 

 

http://www.gigasize.com/ (need register and Max file size 300 MB, 10 files max )

 

 

http://www.4shared.com/ (need register)

 

 

http://www.send6.com/

 

 

http://www.sendspace.com/ (Max file size 300 MB)

 

 

http://www.pando.com/ (Max file size 1GB)

 

 

http://drop.io/ (Max file size 100 MB)

 

 

http://www.mediafire.com/ ( Max file size 2 GB)

 

 

http://www.box.net/ (Max file size 1 GB free )

 

 

http://www.filefactory.com/ ( Max file size 1GB free )

Paper reading (1)

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on April 26, 2017 at 4:30 PM Comments comments (0)

Uekubo's paper ေကာက္ႏႈတ္ခ်က္

၁။ bacterial suspension ကို OD 1.0 ေလာက္မွာ ထားပီး rose bengal ရဲ႕ သက္ေရာက္မႈကို concentration ၃ ခု နဲ႔ စမ္း။ တစ္နာရီ တစ္ခါ ၁၂ နာရီထိစမ္းသပ္။ စမ္းသပ္ခ်က္အရ 0.01%RB က အထိေရာက္ဆံုးျဖစ္။

၂။ bacterial suspension ကို OD 0.2 ေလာက္မွာထားပီး control, control with aerobic exposure, anaerobic RB+BL tx, aerobic RB+BL tx ေလးအုပ္စုခြဲကာ ၆ နာရီတစ္ခါျခား ၁၈ နာရီထိ OD တိုင္း။ Aerobic RB+BL tx က အေကာင္းဆံုး။ က်န္တာေတြက growth ရိွတယ္။

၃။ Control, RB, BL, RB+BL အုပ္စုေလးစုခြဲပီး aerobic OR anaerobic conditions မွာ စမ္းသပ္။ ၁၈ နာရီမွာ OD တိုင္း။ ထံုးစံအတိုင္း anaerobic မွာထက္ aerobic မွာ effective ျဖစ္။ RB+BL under aerobic နဲ႔ RB+BL under anaerobic ကို statistics မွာ ႏိႈင္းယွဥ္ထား။ bar graph ႏွစ္ခုကေတာ့ aerobic နဲ႔ anaerobic ကို ခြဲျပထား။

၄။ ၄၈ နာရီမွာ OD ထပ္တိုင္း။ group ေလးခု ႏႈိင္းယွဥ္။ RB+BL under aerobic က လြဲလို႔ က်န္တဲ့ group ေတြက stationary phase ကို ေရာက္ရိွ။

၅။ irradiation လုပ္၊ ၁၈ နာရီ ၾကာပီးေနာက္ bacterial suspension ကုိ အဆတစ္ေထာင္ dilute လုပ္။ ပီးေတာ့ 100 microliter ယူပီး culture လုပ္။ ၃၇ ဒီဂရီမွာ ၉ ရက္ထား။ RB+BL under aerobic မွာေတာ့ colony တစ္ခုသာေတြ႔။

၆။ short-term change of OD ကို သိဖို႔ ဆယ္မိနစ္တစ္ခါ တစ္နာရီအတြင္း ၆ ၾကိမ္တိုင္း။ Control နဲ႔ aerobic RB+BL tx ကို ႏိႈင္းယွဥ္တာ။ PBS သံုးပီး centrifugation လုပ္သလား မသိ။ OD 0.8 ကေန စပီးလုပ္တာ။

၇။ RNA fragment patterns ေတြကို စစ္။ ဘာေတြလဲဆိုေတာ့ 5S rRNA, 16S rRNA, 23S rRNA။ RIN တိုင္းရာမွာေတာ့ control က 9.3, anaerobic RB+BL tx က 8.1, aerobic RB+BL tx က တိုင္းမရ။ aerobic RB+BL tx ဟာ အားလံုးကို ေသေစတယ္၊ပ်က္ေစတယ္လို႔ ေကာက္ခ်က္ခ်။

၈။ ဘာေတြကို ေဆြးေႏြးသြားလဲဆိုေတာ့ P.g ရဲ႕အေရးပါပံု၊ a-PDT မွာသံုးတဲ့ light နဲ႔ PS ေတြ၊ ေလာေလာဆယ္ focus လုပ္ခ်င္တာက blue light နဲ႔ RB ျဖစ္တဲ့အေၾကာင္း၊ မိမိတို႔ အုပ္စုမွ ဆင္တူသုေတသနေတြလုပ္ထားၾကပံု၊ ေအာက္ဆီဂ်င္ရဲ႕အေရပါပံု။

အခုစာတမ္းမွာေတာ့ အုပ္စုေလးခုခြဲပီး aerobic နဲ႔ anaerobic မွာစမ္း။ aerobic မွာ ပိုထိေရာက္ပံုကို 18 hr OD measurement, 9 days culture plate၊ 48 hr OD measurement စတာေတြနဲ႔ျပ။ ပိုေသခ်ာေအာင္ဆိုပီး short-term OD measurement လုပ္၊ RNA extract လုပ္၊ RIN values တိုင္း။ ေနာက္ဆံုးေကာက္ခ်က္ခ်ႏိုင္တာက anaerobic ဆိုရင္ bacteriostatic, aerobic ဆိုရင္ bactericidal။

current clincial applications နဲ႔ပတ္သက္ပီး စာတမ္းႏွစ္ခုကိုးကား။ ပီးေတာ့မွ a-PDT ဟာ short term အတြက္ positive effect ရိွေပမယ့္ clinically weak ျဖစ္ေသးေၾကာင္းဆို။

ပီးေတာ့ တျခား ထည့္သြင္းစဥ္းစားရမယ့္အခ်က္ေတြေျပာ။ ဥပမာ- power and irradiation time of lights, concentration of dyes, and combination of dyes and lights စတာေတြ။ periodontal pockets မွာ oxygen နည္းပံု၊ intentionally oxygen supply လုပ္ရင္ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ပံု၊ dental plaque control အတြက္ကေတာ့ aerobic condition မွာ လုုပ္လို႔ အဆင္ေျပႏိုင္ပံု၊ ေနာက္မ်ားက်ရင္ Optimal oxygen concentration အတြက္ သုေတသနလုပ္သင့္ပံု။

နိဂံုးခ်ဳပ္ကေတာ့ anaerobic RB+BL tx - bacteriostatic, aerobic RB+BL tx - bactericidal (destruction of RNA as well as bacterial cells occurred within a short period). ရည္ညႊန္းစာတမ္း ၂၂ ခု။

 

 

A milestone in Myanmar dental and medical field (Notes by Ko Lin, 2011)

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on March 9, 2016 at 1:25 PM Comments comments (6)

Before 1960, there were only a few qualified dentists in Myanmar and the majority were traditional dentists. In 1964 the College of Dental Medicine was opened in Yangon and 50 to 60 dental doctors annually were turned out from the College with BDS degrees. In 1974, the college was upgraded into the Institute of Dental Medicine. In the year 1998, the Mandalay Institute of Dental Medicine was also opened.

To bring out the number of dentists which is more proportionate to the country’s population, 150 students each year were allowed to join the Institutes in the year 2000 and 200 students each year beginning the year 2003. In addition to the degree courses, post-graduate classes were also extended at the Institutes of Dental Medicine. Today, the masters degree courses (MDSc) and Doctorate courses (DrDSc) are being conducted at the institutes under the guidance of the Ministry of Health and supervision of the Medical Science Department. The Myanmar Dental Association was formed in 1979. Under the aegis of the Ministry of Health, concerted efforts were made for the development of dental science inside and outside the country. Joining hands with the Federation Dentaire International, the Asia Pacific Dental Federation, the Japanese Cleft Palate Foundation (JCPF) and the Asia Oral Health Promotion Society (AOPF), joint scientific meetings were held and cleft lip & palate surgeries carried out occasionally. In the year 2004, the International College of Continuing Dental Education (ICCDE) offered the Myanmar Dental Association to hold a joint scientific meeting. The meeting will cover cleft lip & palate surgery operations, exchange of developing dental science and know-ledge and conducting field tours.

A Myanmar dental specialist group headed by Specialist Prof Dr U Ko Ko Maung of Thingangyun Sanpya Hospital of the Health Department under the Ministry of Health and comprising Anesthetist Dr Daw Kyi Kyi San of the same hospital, together with a group from ICCDE led by Specialist Dr Myra Elliotte of Mount Elizabeth Hospital of Singapore, carried out cleft lip & palate operations on 25 patients from 12 to 16 July 2004. The combined team also carried out Hemi-Mandibulectomy. In so doing, operation was conducted successfully on Maung Zeya Aung, 18, a sophomore specializing in Geology of Dagon University who was suffering from Right Side TMJ Ankylisis.

Maung Zeya Aung, when he was about four months old, was dropped from the bosom and he was hit in the jaw. The hurt which was not severe was neglected. However, when he was about six months old, the adults came to notice that he could not open his mouth properly. When he was about nine months old, one side of his face became not similar to another side and he had to undergo operation at the age of three years for the first time. About one year later, he could not open his mouth. At the age of six, he had to undergo operation for the second time. Yet he could not open his mouth. For various reasons he did not undergo medical treatment and he had been living difficultly for 12 years. He could not open his mouth and had much difficulty in eating food. And he could not speak clearly. However, he is zealous and has become a university student. To relieve his difficulties, he came to Jaw & Oral Surgery Unit of Thingangyun Sanpya Hospital on 8 July 2004 to undergo medical treatment. He had to have his jaw X-rayed and arrangements were made to carry out operation. Dr Myra Elliotte of Singapore was interested in the case of Maung Zeya Aung and requested to join the surgeons in operating the patient’s jaw. Then, fiber optic endoscope was borrowed from the hospital and Anesthetist Dr Daw Kyi Kyi San and the Singaporean doctors co-operated in making intubations for the patient. As the Oral and Maxillo Surgical Unit is well facilitated, the operation was performed smoothly. It took four hours and after the operation, the patient could open his mouth. It is a heartening success story in which the dental science field of Myanmar can take pride. In fact, Myanmar dentists led by Prof Dr U Ko Ko Maung had successfully carried out such operations on two patients. Nowadays, equal progress has been made not only in oral and maxillo surgery but also in other dental medical sectors. In the past, teeth were taken out due to decay and pus formation in their roots. Now, root canal therapy of international standard is being applied in Myanmar instead of taking out teeth.

When it is necessary to take out a tooth unavoidably, the mini-dental implant system is applied in Myanmar without harming any sound natural tooth in place of the bridge system which requires filing of sound natural teeth. Arrangements are being made to extensively apply the minidental implement system in dental health

care services. Preventive measures are being taken at the institutes of dental medicines, Myanmar Dental Association (Central) and its branches to avert outbreak of dental and oral complications since prevention is better than cure. In the field of Myanmar Dental Science, progress has been made not only in preventive, curative, rehabilitative and esthetic measures but also in research on dental and oral complications. In this connection, local dentists and experts conducted research on dental and oral health in Myanmar and presented their papers abroad yearly. Myanmar dentists and experts together with foreign dentists who came to the Institute of Dental Medicine (Yangon) con-ducted research with the help of Myanmar dentists. In the process, a doctorate trainee from the Medical and Dental University of Japan had conducted researches at the Institute of Dental Medicine (Yangon) of Medical Science Department, the Department of Oral and Maxillo Medical Science and the Medical Research Department (Lower Myanmar) for her doctorate degree. She presented the findings to the relevant university as part of her thesis based on her own research which secures her a doctorate degree. Therefore, it is obvious that progress has been made in the research work of Myanmar Dental Medical Science. With the aid of Myanmar dentists and experts, she had been able to present her paper at the Oral Pathological Conference held in Brazil in 2002 and her findings were also printed in the International Journal of Oral Medicine and Pathology in 2003. This being the case, the dental medicine, during the past ten years, has been making progress in all spheres with the assistance of the Government and under the supervision of the Ministry of Health.

Undeliverable Item Notice in Japan

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on November 27, 2015 at 8:50 AM Comments comments (0)

 

ဂ်ပန္စာတိုက္ကတဆင့္ ပစၥည္းပို႔ရာမွာ ပို႔တဲ့အခ်ိန္လက္ခံမယ့္သူမရိွရင္ Undeliverable Item Notice စာရြက္ေလးကို ထားခဲ့ေပးပါတယ္။ အဲ့ဒါဆိုရင္ ေအာက္ပါအဆင့္ေတြအတိုင္း လာပို႔မယ့္အခ်ိန္ကို ဖုန္းကတဆင့္ ခ်ိန္းဆိုႏိုင္ပါတယ္။

 

၁။ notice စာရြက္မွာ ဖုန္းနံပါတ္ႏွစ္ခုေပးထားတဲ့အနက္ free ေခၚလို႔ရမယ့္ဖုန္း (သို႔ [;)] ပိုက္ဆံေပးေခၚဆိုရမယ့္ဖုန္း တစ္ခုခုကို ေခၚလိုက္ပါ။

 

ဥပမာ- 0120-944-755 (သို႔မဟုတ္ [;)] 0503-155-3917

 

၂။ # sharp သေကၤတေလးကို ႏွိပ္ဖို႔ ျပန္ေျပာပါလိမ့္မယ္။ ႏွိပ္လိုက္ပါ။

 

၃။စာတိုက္သေကၤတနဲ႔ သူ႔ေနာက္က တြဲပီးေရးေပးထားတဲ့ ဂဏန္းႏွစ္လံုးအပါအ၀င္ စုစုေပါင္း ဂဏန္း (၉ [;)] လံုးကို တဆက္တည္း ႏွိပ္ခိုင္းပါတယ္။ ဥပမာ- 272082730

 

၄။ မိမိရဲ႔ ဖုန္းနံပါတ္ + # သေကၤတေလးကို တဆက္တည္းႏွိပ္ခိုင္းပါလိမ့္မယ္။

 

ဥပမာ- 09012532066#

 

၅။ notice စာရြက္ေလးထားခဲ့တဲ့ လနဲ႔ရက္စြဲကို ႏွိပ္ရပါမယ္။

 

ဥပမာ- 0305 (သံုးလပိုင္း၊ ၅

 

ရက္ေန႔ [;)]

 

၆။ delivery notice number ေလးကို ႏွိပ္ခိုင္းပါလိမ့္မယ္။ ဂဏန္း (၆ [;)] လံုးရိွပါတယ္။

 

ဥပမာ- 8110-93

 

၇။ အဲ့ဒီနံပါတ္ကို စက္က ျပန္ရြတ္ျပပါလိမ့္မယ္။ မွန္တယ္ဆိုရင္ ၁ ကို ႏွိပ္လိုက္ပါ။ မွားလို႔ cancel လုပ္ခ်င္ရင္ ၃ ကိုႏွိပ္ပါ။

 

၈။ လာပို႔ေစခ်င္တဲ့ လနဲ႔ရက္စြဲကို ႏွိပ္ခိုင္းပါလိမ့္မယ္။

 

ဥပမာ- 0305 (သံုးလပိုင္း၊ ၆ ရက္ေန႔ လာပို႔ေပးေစခ်င္ရင္ [;)]

 

၉။ မိမိလာပို႔ေစခ်င္တဲ့အခ်ိန္အတြက္ ဂဏန္းေလးေတြ ေရြးပီးႏွိပ္ေပးရပါမယ္။

 

1: 09:00-12:00 (can be requested until 07:00 of the same day)

 

2: 12:00-14:00 (can be requested until 10:00 of the same day)

 

3: 14:00-17:00 (can be requested until 12:00 of the same day)

 

4: 17:00-19:00 (can be requested until 14:00 of the same day)

 

5: 19:00-21:00 (can be requested until 17:00 of the same day)

 

0: No preference (can be requested until 17:00 of the same day)

 

၁၀။ စက္ကေန လာပို႔မယ့္ ရက္စြဲနဲ႔အခ်ိန္ကို ျပန္ေျပာပါလိမ့္မယ္။ လက္ခံရင္ ၁ ကိုႏွိပ္လိုက္ပါ။ cancel လုပ္ခ်င္ရင္ေတာ့ ၃ ကိုႏွိပ္လိုက္ပါ။

 

၁၁။ ေနာက္ဆံုးအဆင့္အေနနဲ႔ ၃ ကို ႏွိပ္ပီး အဆံုးသတ္ရပါမယ္။ အသစ္ျပန္လုပ္ခ်င္ရင္ေတာ့ ၁ ကို ႏွိပ္ရပါမယ္။

 

***အထက္ပါအဆင့္ေတြအတိုင္းလုပ္ရင္ အဆင္ေျပပါပီ။

 

1) Call the toll free number provided: 0800-0800-888

 

(Call 0503-155-3155 from a keitai *calls will be charged)

 

 

2) The voice will ask you to press #.

 

 

3) *ア→ Enter the 9-digit number consisting of your postal code (郵便番号 [;)] plus the two-digit number next to it (種類番号 [;)] .

 

 

4) Enter your phone number, including the area code, followed by the pound (# a.k.a. "sharp") sign

 

 

5) *イ→ Enter the 4-digit month and day code for the original of delivery, e.g. 3月5日→0305

 

 

6)*ウ→ Enter the 6-digit delivery notice number (お知らせ番号 [;)]

 

 

7) The number will be repeated back to you. Press 1 if it's correct or 3 to cancel

 

 

[8)] Enter the 4-digit month and day code for the desired date of redelivery, e.g.3月6日→0306

 

 

9) Enter the 1-digit code for your desired redelivery time:

 

1: 09:00-12:00 (can be requested until 07:00 of the same day)

 

2: 12:00-14:00 (can be requested until 10:00 of the same day)

 

3: 14:00-17:00 (can be requested until 12:00 of the same day)

 

4: 17:00-19:00 (can be requested until 14:00 of the same day)

 

5: 19:00-21:00 (can be requested until 17:00 of the same day)

 

0: No preference (can be requested until 17:00 of the same day)

 

 

10) Your requested redelivery date and time will be repeated. Press 1 to confirm or 3 to cancel

 

 

11) Finally, press 3 to end the call or press 1 to enter (new) information from another notice.

 

 

Poster Previews

Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on August 24, 2015 at 4:50 AM Comments comments (0)

Poster Previews

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A poster preview is an oral presentation between 1 and 3 minutes long, supported by 1 or at most 2 slides, which introduces the contents of a poster. The presenter does not explain the results in detail, but instead briefly presents the background, purpose of the study, main findings, conclusion and future perspectives. Based on the information presented in the preview, attendees decide which posters to visit. May I introduce the English you need to give a poster preview.

Poster Preview : Example 1

***Starting

My name is Kyaw Kyaw. I'm a dental student. I'm with University of Dental Medicine, Mandalay. For several years, we have been investigating patient awareness of oral health issues. In this study, we looked at patient awareness of ways of maintaining oral health, patient action and current oral health status.

***Objectives

What we wanted to do was compare patients' dental status with their awareness of oral health issues and the action they took to maintain their oral health status.

***Methods

Here is what we did. We recruited 1,500 patients at dental clinics and gave a short oral health-awareness questionaire. You can see some of the questions here. We also conducted a 5-minute interview on lifestyle issues. Here are some of the questions. Patients also had a dental checkup to assess their oral health.

***Results

I'll just briefly go over the main results. We found that about 17% of patients in the study only brushed their teeth once a day. These are people, however, who knew they should brush 2 times daily. Another thing we found was that over 30% of people did not use dental floss, even though they knew it was effective in reducing tooth decay. This means there is a gap between awareness of oral health issues and patient action. We also found that people did not fully consider the importance of the type of toothpaste they bought. Most of them chose products based on price. Results from the questionaire and dental checkup showed that patients' oral health status was clearly linked to awareness and action.

***Discussion

What do these results show? Basically, there is a mismatch between what people know to be good oral health behavior and what they actually do. This is particularly true concerning use of dental floss, mouthwash and selection of toothpaste.

***Conclusion

These are our main findings. There is a considerable difference between what people know about oral health issues and the action they take. This is widespread across a range of people in the study.

***Future Work

We are now working on a study that looks at how we can encourage people to follow what they already know to be good oral health habits. We are also assessing the possibility of creating an online system of action reminders for people with poor oral health habits.

***Finishing

If you are interested in our study, I hope you will stop by our poster.

 

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Poster preview : Example 2

***Starting

I’m Zaw Zaw. I’m working at University of Dental Medicine, Yangon. I’m in the Department of Periodontology. We are interested in risk factors for periodontal disease. In this study, we focused on the connection between physical activity and the presence or absence of periodontal disease.

***Objectives

We wanted to find out if there was a connection between rates of physical activity and periodontal disease.

***Methods

I’d just like to briefly run through the methods section. What we did was to recruit over 3,000 subjects between the ages of 18 and 35 from dental clinics in Yangon Region. Subjects completed a short questionaire on rates of physical activity. Here are the questions. There was also a 5-minute interview with final year dental students. Additionally, there was an oral checkup.

***Results

Here is what we found. Subjects who reported high or above average levels of physical activity 3 to 5 times a week had lower levels of periodontal disease. You can see the frequency and types of sports, as well as the level of disease in this table. We also found that these people reported healthier lifestyles.

***Discussion

Right now, we know that increased levels of physical activity can affect rates of periodontal disease. We have data that shows people who exercise 3 or more times a week have below average levels of disease. We think that increased blood flow, increased heart rate and reduction of inflammation are probably important factors.

***Conclusion

What we can conclude from this data? We think it shows increased levels of physical activity probably protect against periodontal disease. But we are unsure of the precise mechanism involved.

***Future work

Our future work will be to establish the mechanism responsible for lower rates of disease in people who exercise.

***Finishing

If you are interested in this work, please visit our poster. Thank you.

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Posted by Dr. Nay Aung on July 13, 2015 at 1:55 AM Comments comments (0)

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